Physiotherapy deals with the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries and disorders through the application of physical methods. These methods include mechanical force and movements; biomechanics or kinesiology; manual therapy; exercise; and electrotherapy. This is done to help patients restore, maintain and maximize strength, function, movement and promote holistic well-being.
Physiotherapy is used to improve a patient’s quality of life through diagnosis, examination, prognosis, physical intervention, and patient education.
Our experienced physiotherapists provide essential education about your body, helping you determine the cause for impaired movement. Then, they prescribe personalized therapies and exercises to help you restore mobility and independence.
Physiotherapy provides lasting relief from chronic pain, whether due to workplace injury, accident, incorrect posture, or other external factors. Physiotherapy does not just help manage pain and improve mobility but also helps patients recognize warning signs and prevents worsening of the injury, sparing added pain of injury-associated downtime.
Effective physiotherapy can:
- Reduce or eliminate pain
- Improve physical movement
- Facilitate stretching and flexibility of joints and muscles
- Manage diabetes and vascular conditions
- Help stroke recovery
- Manage age-related issues
- Improve balance
- Manage heart and lung diseases
- Prevent injuries
- Help avoid surgery
- Manage women’s health issues
- Alleviate general pain
- Aid in recovery from hip or knee replacement
- Improve posture
- Accelerate healing from surgical procedures
Benefits of physiotherapy
Physiotherapy provides relief to people of all ages suffering from different ailments, injuries or disorders. With the help of physiotherapy, you can lead a more active and healthy life. Better-known benefits of physiotherapy include:
- Relief from pain: Aches and pain in the body could be caused by a number of reasons, everything from an ankle injury while playing basketball or chronic lower back pain due to sitting for long hours at work. If the pain is impacting your daily routine and activities, it definitely needs immediate medical attention.
- Improved mobility and balance: People recovering from injuries from an accident, surgery or conditions like a stroke may become disoriented and find it difficult to get back on their feet again. In these such cases, rehabilitation physiotherapy can provide great help. It not only helps the body regain lost muscle strength and improves coordination but also helps patients move around safely.
- Prevention of surgery: While surgery may be unavoidable in some cases, physiotherapy may reduce the need for it. A combination of exercises and therapies can eliminate pain, heal injured tissues and facilitate pain-free mobility.
- Manage age-related issues: As we age, many of us tend to develop musculoskeletal complications like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. To manage these daily aches and pain, physiotherapy can be helpful.
- Avoid dependency on medicines: While painkillers may temporarily relieve pain, the effect they can have on kidneys and liver may prove fatal over the long term. That’s why it is recommended to opt for physiotherapy to deal with chronic pain. It is considered a safer and more effective alternative than pain control medication.
Who can benefit from physiotherapy?
People of all ages can benefit from physiotherapy, be it a child suffering from cerebral palsy or an elderly person suffering from osteoporosis. If you or your loved one experience any kind of ailment, physiotherapy, at the beginner or advanced level, can set you on the road to recovery and help you maintain overall physical well-being.
If you have any of the following conditions, consider looking into physiotherapy for long-term benefits
- Back/lower back pain
- Knee pain
- Joint pain
- Neck pain
- Cervical spondylosis
- Sprains & strains
- Cerebral palsy
- Spinal injury
- Sports-related injury
- Musculoskeletal condition
- Patello-Femoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS)
- Tennis Elbow
- Golfer’s Elbow
- Heel and Foot Pain
- TMJ Dysfunction (jaw pain)
- Repetitive Strain
- Hip Impingement (Femoro-Acetabular Impingement)
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Rotator Cuff Injury
- Joint Dislocation
- Recovery from knee or hip replacement
- Frozen shoulder
- Slipped disc
- Stroke or any other neurological condition that has impaired your motor functions
- Management of diseases like diabetes or any heart-related condition
- Rehabilitation after surgery or broken bones
- Pregnancy-related pain in joints and muscles
- Chronic fatigue syndrome
Preparing for a physiotherapy session
Before your session, make sure that you are clear about the symptoms you’re experiencing. Make a note of any medications you take and the surgeries you’ve gone through. Bring along records of previous diagnoses, which can give good background about you and your condition. Consider bringing a friend or family member along for support. Finally, arrive early so you have time to prepare and don’t need to rush.
What to expect
The initial physiotherapy session will likely last more than an hour. During the first visit, the physiotherapist will assess your physical condition, educate you on issues related to your pain and then create a customized rehabilitation program specifically suited for your condition. The number of sessions will depend on the severity of the problem.
Future visits to the physiotherapist could include:
- Massaging ailing parts of your body
- Stretching your muscles
- Manipulation of your joints manually or with the help of equipment
- Physical exercises
What techniques are used?
Massage & manipulation:
This involves massaging the body’s soft tissues using the movement of hands. It is known to:
- Improve blood circulation
- Enable effective draining of fluids from parts of the body
- Enhance the movement of different parts of the body
- Relieve pain
Movement and exercises:
To improve your ability to balance the body and move normally, a comprehensive exercising program is essential, which can be created especially for you to recover safely from an injury. This method of physiotherapy is designed to strengthen your muscles and joints and improve overall range of movement.
Also known as electrotherapy, this type of physiotherapy is practiced using different electrical energies like current or impulses to stimulate the nervous system. Electric impulses make muscles tighten which in turn helps remove pain and stress from the body, promoting effective healing. Energy-based therapies are pain-free, although some patients describe a bit of tingling. Therapy types include:
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
- Laser therapy
- Shortwave diathermy
Others methods include:
- Hydrotherapy: A water-based therapy in which water temperature in a special type of bath is kept between warm and hot, with the intent of helping muscles relax and relieve pain. Here, the weight of the water pushes against your body while you are floating or performing certain exercises.
- Pediatric physiotherapy: This approach assists children with developmental issues and physical problems. A child may struggle with immobility due to congenital conditions or due to disorders that developed over a period of time. These conditions may include:
- Cerebral palsy
- Development delay
- Developmental co-ordination disorder
- Neuromuscular conditions
- Brain injury
- Down Syndrome
Are there any side effects?
Physiotherapy is generally safe when practiced under the expert eye of a professionally qualified physical therapist. However, a few minor complications are possible. Some health conditions can be aggravated by physical therapy, including:
- Back pain
- Increased pain
- Muscle soreness/tension
- Increased metabolic or heart rate
- Burns and rashes
What happens after physiotherapy treatment?
Continue doing the exercises suggested by your therapist. Focus on motions that are low intensity and cause little stress.