Best methods to treat varicose veins non surgically
Varicose veins are gnarled, enlarged veins, that most commonly appear on legs and feet. Aging, pregnancy, obesity, and standing for long periods are some of the major causes of the disfigured, twisted, and discolored veins.
When varicose veins begin to develop, exercise, weight loss, elevating your legs while sitting and wearing compression hosiery such as stockings can help in increasing blood flow and reducing the progression of varicose veins. But, if left unattended, some cases may need an invasive treatment or surgery.
To avoid surgery, you can try some other medicated, non-invasive varicose veins treatments that are spread across a few sessions. These medical treatments are prescribed based on the severity of varicose veins.
Best methods to treat varicose veins, non-surgically
These medical, non-surgical methods that treat varicose veins should be carried out by a certified and trained professional. Some of them involve the use of medication in certain dosages. The affected veins can be treated permanently but they cannot stop new veins from occurring later.
Thermal Ablation or Radiofrequency AblationThis procedure involves the use of radiofrequency energy to generate heat that breaks the vein walls. The vein shrinks and the body absorbs over time, but it may bruise the veins a little. This procedure is implemented with a local anesthesia. You may experience little pain after the procedure but can get back to normal life immediately. Veins usually become less visible within one to two weeks.
Endovenous Laser AblationThis procedure is similar to radiofrequency ablation but the use of laser heat is slightly different. In this case, a laser fiber is inserted into the catheter and moved to the necessary location. The laser energy causes the vessel to close by heat. The vein will eventually shrink and be reabsorbed by your body over time. Radiofrequency and laser therapy are used to treat the deeper veins of the leg.
Non-thermal AblationOne non-thermal ablation procedure is called Varithena, which uses a medicated foam. Instead of heat, a potent drug is used in this process. It destroys the vein more permanently. The other non-thermal ablation treatment for varicose veins is called the VenaSeal system. It uses a glue to shut off the vein.
SclerotherapyIn Sclerotherapy, a solution called a sclerosant is injected into the veins. The sclerosant scars the vein and causes it to collapse. This forces the blood to reroute to healthier veins. Eventually, the body destroys these veins and they disappear over time. It is typically used to treat small varicose veins, closer to the surface of the skin called “spider veins”. Another varicose veins treatment, called foam sclerotherapy, involves turning the sclerosant into a foam before injecting it. This process is used for larger veins.
Creams & PillsBefore opting for surgical intervention, creams, and pills are used to treat varicose veins. At times, for a speedy recovery, creams and pills are combined with one of the treatments mentioned above. Creams are rubbed on the surface of the skin. Pills also help in reducing pain.
Apart from these, some doctors may also recommend the continuous use of compression hosiery like stockings to guard venous disorders such as edema, phlebitis, and thrombosis. They are typically tight at the ankles and are less constrictive towards thighs and knees.
All these procedures are medically approved and time-tested. Each of them is recommended based on the severity of the varicose veins. Only the most severe cases require surgery, while the majority can be effectively treated with oral, non-invasive, or non-surgical procedures.